Friday, 20 September 2013

Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)                             

Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) is a specialized bus priority category. It is designed to accommodate the high level of demand for public transport by incorporating aspects of mass transit. This essentially means a rail-like service but deployed in a shorter timeframe, using far less resources and done at the fraction of the cost of establishing new rail services.

Main Features: 
Exclusive lanes on the Busway.
•Pre-boarding payment.
•Single system operator for revenues and payments – multiple bus operators with common ticketing.
•Closed/Open system on the Busway and at terminals and stations.
•High capacity buses.

One of the 11 initiatives under the NKRA-UPT, the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) networks in Greater KL (GKL) initiative is being implemented by the Suruhanjaya Pengangkutan Awam Darat (SPAD). 
•SPAD has recognized 12 BRT corridors in Greater KL/Klang Valley Public Transport Master Plan-Draft (2010) under Bus Transformation Plan section.
•KL–Klang Corridor has been identified in KL BRT Report (2011) as one of the potential BRT Corridors and this BRT project is planned to be operational by 2016.

Examples of BRT Worldwide

Bogota, Colombia                                                                     •  Guangzhou, China 


Rouen, France                                                                            •   Jakarta, Indonesia


Benefits of BRT: 
•For operators BRT:
–      Improves service performance.
–      Improves service reliability.
–      Improves in operation performance.
–      Improve in service ridership.
•For the public:
–    Shorter travel time.
–    Better reliability and comfort.
–     Better coverage and door-to-door service.
–    Better bus and station amenities.
–    Better lifestyle.
–    Improved quality of life.
•For the government:
–    A less expensive transit alternative.
–    Quicker solution.
–    Environmentally friendly.
–    Operating flexibility.
–    Increase transit ridership in select corridors.
Benefits of KL-Klang BRT:
•For operators:
–    Operation speed average @45 kmph. Faster than mixed traffic.
–    Frequency of 30 seconds, high capacity @ 14000 pphpd.
•For the public:
–    Less delay in traveling with 50% improvement.
–    More coverage (90%) & integration with other modes of transport.
–    Metro-class stations, accessibility and connectivity.
–    Better bus comfort and safety.
–    Improved mobility & lifestyle for higher quality of life.
•For the government:
–    Cheaper than rail (BRT @ RM25mil/km).
–    Can be implemented by 2016, quick transit solution.
–    Promotes green environment, urban wellness.
–     Phased construction & staging, minimum service disruption.
BRT Hybrid Operation System
•Along Kl-Klang BRT corridors, 29 BRT stations are being planned.
•KL-Klang BRT corridor will adopt BRT hybrid operational system, applying both direct service and trunk-and-feeder system.

BRT Impact Assessment
•Do nothing is not an option. Less roads and more transit is the way forward.
•To curtail the increase in congestion along Federal Highway due to increased population in future years, by providing faster, safer, more comfortable, affordable and attractive public transport option.
•While BRT helps to manage traffic conditions (by implementing “push & pull” factors), it also helps the economy by reducing fuel consumption and CO2 emission and also minimizing travel time hence maximizing productivity.